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What to do:

Your priorities are to:

  • Get help on its way
  • To arrange urgent removal to hospital
  • Reassure the casualty
  • Sit or lay the casualty down
  • Apply direct pressure over the wound for at least 10 minutes

Apply a dressing, if blood seeps through, apply another dressing on top. If the bleed seeps through the second dressing, remove them and apply a fresh one. Check circulation beyond the bandage every 10 minutes to ensure the circulation has not been impaired, in which case, loosen the bandage. Monitor vital signs: Pulse, breathing rate, temperature.


Encourage the casualty to lie down as shock is likely to develop, raise and support their legs so they are above the level of their heart.

Written by Jane Lambert, Thursday 7th November 2019

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